4o6 HISTORY OF PERSIA CHAP. tested. It is stated that he had made remarks which tended to lower the dignity of the Governor-General. But inasmuch as he represented the Crown and had to explain to the Persians, when his bills were protested, the relation of the East India Company to the British Govern- ment, it would have been difficult for him to avoid giving offence, if offence was looked for.1 After the lapse of years the good work done by both Malcolm and Jones remains, and the friction which was almost inevitable may be forgotten. The preliminary treaty was taken to Eng- land by James Morier, the author of the immortal" Hajji Baba," who was the secretary to the mission. Lord Minto accepted the arrangements which had been con- tracted with the Shah while condemning the behaviour of the negotiator, but insisted that the execution of the treaty should be entrusted to an officer nominated by himself. Malcolms Third Mission, 1810.ŚMalcolm was accord- ingly sent on a third mission which was brilliant in the extreme. It was magnificently equipped, and the envoy was accompanied by a large staff of officers, among whom were Monteith and Lindsay. The latter, a giant stand- ing 6 feet 8 inches, was an artillery officer, and such was his influence with the Persians, who compared him to Rustam, that he subsequently became Commander-in- Chief of the Persian army, a post which, under the name of Lindsay Bethune, he filled for many years with much credit. Malcolm was received with extraordinary marks of esteem and friendship, and his fine character, his justice, and his knowledge of the world impressed the Persians so much that all Englishmen in Persia still benefit from the high qualities displayed by their great representative. It was in his honour that the Persian decoration, "the Lion and the Sun," was inaugurated. At the same time, it must not be forgotten that Sir Harford Jones retained the control of diplomatic relations with Persia throughout. Actingon Malcolm's instructions, Pottinger and Christie made a daring journey of exploration through Baluchistan; and Pottinger's Travels in Baluchistan, recording the results 1 In his Mission, etc., p. 209, Jones explains the whole circumstances of the case.